What Is Obesity?

Obesity is a lifelong progressive, life threatening condition marked by the excess accumulation of body fat, which can significantly reduce life expectancy. 

Today Obesity is a severe medical problem around the world, with millions of people suffering from obesity as a result of their lifestyle choices. Besides this there are several reasons why one could become obese, a change in dietary patterns, heredity, genetic disorders, medication etc. But what most people fail to realize is that obesity also results in co morbidities such as:

  • Type 2 diabetes mellitus
  • Hypertension / high BP
  • Chronic heart disease
  • Hypercholesterolemia
  • Sleep apnea/ snoring
  • Respiratory diseases
  • Cancers (prostrate, uterine, breast, large intestine etc.)
  • Joint pains/ osteoarthritis
  • Gall stones
  • Gout
  • Gastrpesophageal Reflux Disease / Acidity (GERD)
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Infertility
  • Depression

What is Bariatric Surgery?

 

Bariatric surgery is the collective term for weight loss surgery and Diabetes control; it also helps with various other health issues. It is a surgery which can change your life.

Advantages of Bariatric surgery?

Bariatric surgery has been shown to help improve or resolve many obesity-related conditions, such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease,  relief of depression, sleep apnea, joint pain, infertility and more.

Types of Bariatric surgery

Laparoscopic Gastric Banding

Laparoscopic gastric banding is surgery to help with weight loss. The surgeon places a band around the upper part of your stomach to create a small pouch to hold food. The band limits the amount of food you can eat by making you feel full after eating small amounts of food.

 Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy (LSG) 

One of the most popular bariatric surgeries internationally, it is an irreversible procedure that curtails the size of the stomach by surgically removing approximately two-thirds of it, making it roughly the size and shape of a banana. The procedure also eliminates most of the cells that produce ghrelin, the hunger-inducing hormone; thus, post surgery, you will eat less and lose weight quite quickly.

Laparoscopic Gastric Bypass (RYGB)

 

A reversible weight-loss procedure, it involves stapling off a section of the stomach thereby creating a pouch, reducing its size and allowing food to bypass the beginning of the small intestine, which is the duodenum and part of the jejunum. In addition, a silicon ring is placed over the pouch in order to prevent dilatation of the pouch. Post surgery, your appetite reduces, as you feel satiated with smaller portions of food.

 

Laprocopic Mini Gastric Bypass (MGB)

Laparoscopic Mini Gastric Bypass is a variant of gastric bypass surgery, in which a loop of small intestine is joined to the stomach pouch at a distance of 150 to 200 cm.

Laparoscopic Duodenojejunal Bypass (DJB)

This procedure involves creating a sleeve which involves surgically removing two-thirds of the stomach portion and then also bypassing the first 100- 150 cms of the small intestine, and joining it as a loop to the first part of the small gut, which is the duodenum.

 

Duodenal Switch

The duodenal switch (DS) procedure, also known as biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD-DS) or gastric reduction duodenal switch (GRDS), is a weight loss surgery procedure that is composed of a restrictive and a malabsorptive aspect.

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